Journal of Academic Research for Humanities (JARH) is a double-blind peer-review, Open Free Access, online Multidisciplinary Research Journal
Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Linguistic Analysis of Neologism In News Headlines During Covid-19


  Social media is the most active source of information throughout the world. It plays a vital role in the flexible nature of language. In this revolutionary modern era, people tend to go for digital news headlines to keep in touch with the crisis of the world, which is the main pillar of social platforms. Due to the dynamic nature of language neologism becomes the most important phenomenon in updating new words i.e. dictionaries and sociolinguistic sources. The innovation of new words is not a static process. In the COVID-19 pandemic, social media has become the most privileged source of promoting new words of cautionary measures throughout the world. Every new word or lexemes comes into existence for certain reasons as; the COVID-19 disease emerging with new words, which affect the new lexemes in dictionaries. This research paper investigates the variation of new lexemes based on one, two, or three entities by using the process of word formation in news headlines.  Digital dawn news headlines are used to get those lexemes related to the pandemic crisis from the duration of 2021-2022. The fluctuations of lexemes are formed by using morphological processes such as clipping, blending, compounding, etc. This research utilizes the qualitative and descriptive design of methods to analyse the morphological structure of lexemes efficiently.


Neologism, , headlines, , lexemes, , fluctuations, , morphological



  1. Ahmad Farid, Zamna Sarfraz, & Hamna Amir. (2023). Stylistic Analysis of John Keats’ "Ode on Melancholy": Exploring Phonological, Graphological and Lexical Elements. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 3(4), 11–20B. Retrieved from
  2. Amman, J. A.-S. (2021). COVID-19 trending neologisms and word-formation processes in English.
  3. Asif, M., Zhiyong, D., Iram, A., & Nisar, M. (2021). Linguistic analysis of neologism related to coronavirus (COVID-19). Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 4(1), 100201.
  4. Čilić, I. Š., & Plauc, J. I. (2021). Today’s usage of neologisms in social media communication. Društvene i humanističke studije, 6(1 (14)), 115-140.
  5. Crystal. (2020). COVID-19 trending neologisms and word-formation processes in English.
  6. Dijk. (1988). Analysis of new words during COVID-19.
  7. Elsayed, W. (2023). Behind Closed Doors: Exploring the Consequences of Parents Staying at Home During the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Prevalence of Parental Violence Against Children. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Social Sciences, 12(3), 260–284.
  8. Gurchani, M. U. (2024). Right-Wing Twitter Users in France Exhibit Growing Homophily Compared with Left and Center Users. Social media + Society, 10(1).
  9. Haddad Haddad, A., & Montero Martínez, S. (2020). COVID-19: a metaphor-based neologism and its translation into Arabic.
  10. Hadi, S. A. A., & AL, A. M. G. (2019). The Significance of Political Neologisms. Journal of Education College Wasit University, 2(37), 10-10.
  11. Hussain, D. M. S., Rubab, D. I., & Ms Sheeza Tufail. (2023). Use of Social Networking Applications in English Language Teaching (ELT): Adult Learners’ Perceptions In Pakistani ESL Context. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 3(4), 13–24. Retrieved from
  12. Ibrahim, E. R., Kadhim, S. A. H., Mayuuf, H. H., & Haleem, H. A. (2020). A sociolinguistic approach to linguistic changes since the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Multicultural Education, 6(4), 122-128.
  13. Irum Sindhu, & Shamsi, F. (2023). Adverse Use of Social Media by Higher Secondary School Students: A Case Study on Meta Social Network Platforms. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 3(4), 205–216. Retrieved from
  14. Ivona Setka Cilic, J. I. (2020). Today's usage of neologism in social media communication.
  15. Jaworska, S., Goodman, M. K., & Gibas, I. (2024). The Making of #CovidTwitter: Who Were the Loudest “Covid Influencers” and What Did They Say About the COVID-19 Pandemic? Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  16. Lin, M. C. (2013). A new perspective on the creation of neologisms. Acta Linguistica Asiatica, 3(1), 47-60.
  17. Liu, W., & Liu, W. (2014). Analysis of the word-formation of English netspeak neologism. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 3(12), 22-30.
  18. Mathe, L., & Motsaathebe, G. (2024). Play on Twitter During Health Crisis in Non-Democratic Context: Gratification or Dissent? Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  19. Maryah Khalfan, H. B. (2020). Covid-19 Neologisms and their Social Use: An Analysis from the Perspective of Linguistic Relativism.
  20. Muhammad Asif, D. Z. (2020). Linguistic analysis of neologism related to coronavirus.
  21. Mworia, R. M. (2015). Use of English neologisms in social media: A case of Twitter language in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).
  22. Newmark. (1988). Neologism as a Linguistic Phenomenon in Mass Media Textbook concerning Translation.
  23. Nkhata, L., & Jimaima, H. (2020). Neologisms: A morphological analysis of social media discourses on the Zambian online media. Multidisciplinary Journal of Language and Social Sciences Education (2664-083X, Online ISSN: Print ISSN: 2616-4736), 3(2), 66-93.
  24. Peng, L., Wang, J., Zheng, N., & Guo, X. (2024). Traversing Emotional Spaces: Social Media Affordances and Emotion Regulation in Times of Physical Isolation. Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  25. Recuero, R. (2024). The Platformization of Violence: Toward a Concept of Discursive Toxicity on Social Media. Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  26. Rauf, H., & Dr. Saqib Mehmood. (2023). Subjugation and Discrimination in Drama Serial Dobarah: A Muted Group Theory Perspective. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 3(4), 181–187. Retrieved from
  27. Ro. (2020). COVID-19 trending neologisms and word-formation processes in English.
  28. Schmid, H. J. (2008). New words in the mind: Concept-formation and entrenchment of neologisms.
  29. Schneider. (2018). dynamics of emotivity in the newspaper style in articles about COVID-19.
  30. Stevic, A. (2024). Under Pressure? Longitudinal Relationships between Different Types of Social Media Use, Digital Pressure, and Life Satisfaction. Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  31. Tu, C., & Li, X. (2024). Personal Versus Societal Risk: Examining Social Media Influence on Individual and Collective Behaviors for COVID-19 Containment. Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  32. Usevics. (2012). neologism in a British newspaper.
  33. Van der Goot, M. J., & Etzrodt, K. (2023). Disentangling two fundamental paradigms in human-machine communication research: Media equation and media evocation. Human-Machine Communication, 6, 17-30.
  34. Wardhaugh. (2002). Neologism as a Linguistic Phenomenon in Mass Media Textbook concerning Translation.
  35. Zhiyong, A. a. (2020). linguistic analysis of neologism related to covid 19.