Journal of Academic Research for Humanities (JARH) is a double-blind peer-review, Open Free Access, online Multidisciplinary Research Journal
Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Adoption of AI in Warfare: Comparative Study of India and Pakistan


  This study investigates how AI has impacted South Asian military strategy, concentrating on nuclear-armed India and Pakistan. The shift from deterrence to AI-driven military operations threatens regional security. The basic objectives of this study were: to explore the nature of arriving AI technology in the modern warfare domain and to assess the ongoing defense tendencies in terms of global alliances of India and Pakistan in the field of AI technology. These two countries have been engaging in realistic endeavors and with the militarization of AI, their relationships have deteriorated abruptly. A qualitative method was used to carry out this study in which Interviews with military personnel, policymakers, and other experts were used. It was concluded that it is important to recognize that each interview offers a distinct viewpoint on the role of artificial intelligence in modern warfare. The responses varied in terms of the amount of material provided, the focus on particular relationships, and the acknowledgement of geopolitical problems in the region; yet, there were common themes of global alliances in artificial intelligence. Every response contributed to the existing corpus of information regarding the intricate ramifications of integrating artificial intelligence into contemporary combat, by highlighting present technology advancements, ethical considerations, and possible hindrances. The influence of artificial intelligence on the military dynamics of India and Pakistan is a subject of intense debate, with conflicting opinions on the participation of foreign powers, ethical issues, and the national security of the area.


Artificial Intelligence (AI),, Warfare,, India,, Pakistan, Conflicting, , Rift



  1. Aswini, N., Kumar, E. K., & Uma, S. V. (2018). UAV and obstacle sensing techniques–a perspective. International Journal of Intelligent Unmanned Systems, 6(1), 32-46.
  2. Cheema, Z. (2010). Indian Nuclear Deterrence: Its Evolution, Development, and Implications for South Asian Security. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
  3. Delcker, J., Heil, J., Ifenthaler, D. et al. First-year students AI-competence as a predictor for intended and de facto use of AI tools for supporting learning processes in higher education. Int J Educ Technol High Educ 21, 18 (2024).
  4. Grace, K., Salvatier, J., Dafoe, A., Zhang, B., & Evans, O. (2018). When will AI exceed human performance? Evidence from AI experts. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 62, 729-754.
  5. Haney, B. S. (2020). Applied artificial intelligence in modern warfare and national security policy. Hastings Sci. & Tech. LJ, 11, 61.
  6. Khan, Y., & Anwar, Z. (2021). India-the United States civil nuclear deal (2008): security implications for Pakistan. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 18(08), 3515-3520.
  7. Minhas, A. S. (2018). Space weapons: a rapidly evolving threat to south Asian strategic balance. Ndu journal
  8. Rind Mudasir Ali, & Pirali Aliyev. (2024). Modernization of Higher Education with Artificial Intelligence Learning Applications. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 4(1), 29–36. Retrieved from
  9. Stevic, A. (2024). Under Pressure? Longitudinal Relationships between Different Types of Social Media Use, Digital Pressure, and Life Satisfaction. Social Media + Society, 10(1).
  10. Thanomsing, C. and Sharma, P. (2024), "Understanding instructor adoption of social media using the technology acceptance model", Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 47-65.
  11. Zainab Bibi, & Ambreen Abbasi,. (2023). Freedom of Information VS Right to Privacy: Cyber Stalking-a Legal Perspective. International "Journal of Academic Research for Humanities", 3(3), 85–94. Retrieved from