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Belief and Perceptions About Chemistry Teaching and Learning: Study of Public Schools in Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir


  Chemistry is taught as an essential discipline at the secondary level to create a scientific attitude in students towards science education. The primary purpose was to explore the factors that contribute to students' high/low achievement in chemistry, in general to both boys and girls at the secondary level in public schools of Muzaffarabad Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The present study also found out the effect of factors associated with students’ high and low achievement. The factors were divided into three major categories, teacher-related factors, student-related factors, and school-related factors, respectively. A quantitative research method was used to conduct this study and a descriptive survey research design was employed. The study was conducted in 17 public schools of the Municipal Corporation area of Muzaffarabad. 8 out of 17 schools were boys,’ and 9 were Girls high schools. The population of the study was all secondary school students currently in 10th grade. To gather the necessary data, a questionnaire was used to collect data from students to determine the causes of students' high/low achievement in chemistry. The present study found that students’ interest in chemistry, motivation, teachers’ attendance, teachers’ pedagogical strategies, use of modern instructional resources, school environment, students’ previous knowledge, students’ involvement in-class activities, and laboratory adequacy are significantly related to student’s achievement. The study also revealed that the students could not learn and perform significantly well due to certain constraints like teachers' frequent absence in some schools, lack of resources, laboratory inadequacy, and weak scientific foundation.


Chemistry, , Achievement, , Motivation, , Administration, , Performance



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